MenuMedia WingBackMedia TimelineMedia ExhibitMedicine WingBackMedicine Timeline ExhibitMedical Establishment ExhibitPrevention ExhibitCures ExhibitSociety WingBackSociety Timeline ExhibitLaw ExhibitSports ExhibitEugenics ExhibitBreaking the Law?African Americans and the disABILITY ExperienceNew York WingBackNew York State Map ExhibitBack1900-19501851-18991800-18501650-1799RomeBuffaloNewarkNew York State Timeline ExhibitEducation WingBackEducators ExhibitEducation ExhibitAdvocacy WingBackAdvocacy ExhibitKennedy FamilySelf Advocacy Exhibit Virtual Museum > Medicine Wing Prevention Exhibit Click on any image to explore the virtual gallery. Preventing Mental Retardation This chart from Henry Herbert Goddard's Feeble-Mindedness: Its Causes and Consequences shows the relationship of alcohol and mental deficiency. Vaccinations Improved health care and the vaccination against rubella, measles as well as other diseases has prevented cases of mental retardation. Vaccinations The first rubella vaccines were developed in 1969. One was later combined with the measles and mumps vaccine (MMR) in 1972. Nutrition Improving nutrition in both the pregnant mother and a newborn baby is a preventative measure against developmental disabilities. Nutrition Before and during pregnancy, it is important for the expecting mother to have enough folic acid in her diet. Folic acid prevents birth defects of the brain and spinal chord. Eugenics Considered a form of "prevention," especially during its peak from about 1907 and into the 1960s, eugenic ideals such as segregation and sterilization were employed against "imbeciles" and supposed "defectives." The Family and Eugenics The Eugenics Movement sought to strengthen society by encouraging people with a "goodly heritage" to bear children while those with a history of "defectives" in the family were discouraged from reproducing. The Family and Eugenics The Eugenics Movement sought to strengthen society by encouraging people with a "goodly heritage" to bear children while those with a history of "defectives" in the family were discouraged from reproducing. The Fight Against Polio In the 1930s, the fight against infantile paralysis, or polio, became a national initiative. The Fight Against Polio The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis was created in 1937 by President Franklin Roosevelt. A year later it became the March of Dimes. 6684607447_9cb059a9b7_z A Vaccine is Discovered The process led to development of the first polio vaccine by Jonas Salk. Administered by a series of injections, the vaccine was tested in 1952 and made public in 1955. The Oral Vaccine Here is an example of an immunization certificate and the modern form of the oral polio vaccine. The Oral Vaccine In 1958, Dr. Albert Sabin developed the oral polio vaccine. Sabin's vaccine prevented infection and paralysis from poliomyelitis. Newborn Screening Screening for potential diseases that could lead to developmental disabilities began in the 1960s when Dr. Robert Guthrie developed a mass screening test for phenylketonuria. Newborn Screening Newborn screening allows for the early detection and possible treatment of potential disabilities. Many states have made the testing mandatory. Preventing Mental Retardation There are several things that can be done to prevent mental retardation and developmental disabilities.